If you liked it then you “shoulda” put less taxes on it. It’s time for an American Revolution! Learn about the Tea Acts, hear how Sam Adams led the Sons of Liberty, and find out how Paul Revere alerted the minutemen for battle. This song also covers the war tactics employed by the colonists during the Revolutionary War, allowing them to hold strong against the powerful and better-prepared British army.
Before George Washington was famous, back when he was a scrappy and serious young man, the governor of Virginia sent him into the wilderness to tell a group of French settlers that they were trespassing on Virginian land. The French greeted the young traveler, invited him in, and that night got so drunk on brandy that they let slip they had no intention whatsoever of leaving. The sober young Virginian headed back to his home and wrote a report of his adventure. He was then put in charge of a militia and sent back to the wilderness to force the French out.
This was the beginning of the French and Indian War, which despite its name did not pit the French against the Indians, but instead the French and the Indians against Britain and the British colonies. In fact, this war was just another theater in the Seven Years' War (1756-63) that the French and British were fighting in Europe. In essence, the French and Indian War was fought over North American real estate. Who controlled the Ohio River valley and the area around the Great Lakes? When the British won the war and negotiated the Treaty of Paris (1763), the answer was clear: Britain gained control of all the land east of the Mississippi, including Canada. But all wars are costly, and in the aftermath of the war, the British found themselves strangled in war debt. Nor were the members of the British Parliament thrilled about paying for a war that seemed to benefit only their colonies. So the British enacted a series of acts to tax the colonies. The colonies clearly weren't happy with this arrangement and began protesting. But the British continued to tax the colonies and ignore colonial interests. The hotbed of dissent was New England. In 1770 after British soldiers killed five men for throwing rocks and snowballs in the Boston Massacre, colonists began organizing for violent resistance. At first, these rebels were merely fighting for their rights as British citizens. Eventually they were fighting to start their own country.
The Revolutionary War picked up quickly after the battles of Lexington and Concord with a series of battles that helped the rebel cause, including the Battle of Bunker Hill, in which the British took a heavy beating before winning the hill. The Second Continental Congress met in May 1775 in Philadelphia. Congress named George Washington from Virginia as commander in chief of the newly formed American Continental Army, which was really just a bunch of drunken farmers. Washington described the army as "excessively dirty."
In the next year, support for independence grew. This was due in part to Thomas Paine's influential pamphlet called Common Sense , which argued persuasively for American independence.
1. What adjectives would you use to describe the way England was treating her "child?"
2. What were some things England had done to America?
3. Can you predict how this is going to turn out?
4. According to the Declaration of Independence, who gives governments their power?
5. What must be done if a government abuses its power?
6. What were the worst things the British king did to the American colonies?