"At the End of a Word"

Suffixes do a lot. They can change the meanings of words and parts of speech. Suffixes can help you define words too. This suffix rap song reviews commons suffixes like -ful, -less, -fy, -ish and -ance. Listen to learn many of the most useful and most taught suffixes.

Listen up, I don't know if you heard,
But if you have a need for the meaning of a word,
Just take a look and check at the end;
If a suffix is there then that'll be your friend.
Like -able or -ible, it's able to be done,
If it's visible it’s able to be seen like the sun.
I'm capable of having fun but now I gotta run to
'-A-L', -al is another one.
That means it relates to the root word,
Like natural is all about nature; observe
How the suffix, -en means made of whatever,
Wooden is made out of wood, now that’s clever.
I dig golden nuggets like a miner, ‘cause
-er or -or means one who does.
A baker, no doubt, that’s the one who bakes,
What about the suffix -ful? Let’s get it straight.
Of course it means full of, I hope that's helpful,
I mean full of help with this lesson we dealt you.
What about -ous — ‘O-U-S’?
That also means full of; there’s no need to guess.
Like someone who's gracious is full of grace,
If you’re feeling nervous, you might wanna meditate.
If it ends with -y that means it tends to be,
You tend to feel good when you’re cheery, so cheer for me.

Suffixes, these are the suffixes —
At the end of a word, they tell you what it is.
If you need the meaning of a word, you can trust:
If you look at the end, you can tell by the suffix.

Yeah, you see all you've got to do is look at the end. Now hold up, here are some more, right:

There’s verse two ‘cause there's still a few suffixes left,
Like -ion, -tion & -sion, now they represent
The act, result or state of something done,
Like if it's cancelled you get a cancellation.
If it's contagious then it's a contagion,
So you need to vacate — go on a vacation.
Okay, I'm not trying to be exhaustive,
The -ive suffix means — wait, I lost it.
Oh yeah, it means tending to,
Like abusive tends to create abuse.
Next is -less and it means without,
Without care is careless, that’s not what I’m about.
We stay peerless, fearless,
The flow is Van Gogh, but I will never be earless.
Can’t keep running fast 'cause now I'm all spent,
Guess I should have taken another supplement.
The -ment suffix is the result or act of,
If it’s in containment, it’s the result of being packed up.
Make an amendment, keep adding, don’t rest,
I’m never living in a state of carelessness.
-ness means the state of; my restlessness
Is probably ‘cause I'm studying for this suffix test.
Don't forget -ward, that’s the direction of,
Forward never backward, we gotta keep stepping up!

That ain’t all the suffixes, either; that’s just the most popular ones.

Suffixes, these are the suffixes —
At the end of a word, they tell you what it is.
If you need the meaning of a word, you can trust:
If you look at the end, you can tell by the suffix.

A suffix is a group of letters placed after the end of a word that can change the word's meaning. Sometimes suffixes have different meanings, but most of the time you can count on them to mean the same thing. So if you are able to identify the suffix of a word, you can make a strong educated guess at the word's meaning. Adding a suffix to a word can also change a word's part of speech.

This song covers some of the most common suffixes in the English language, along with words that include the suffix.
The suffix -able or -ible means “able to be done.” It creates adjectives from verbs.

Don't try to eat plastic because it's not edible (from Latin edere, ‘to eat’).
Neat handwriting is more readable or legible than scribbled words (from Latin legere ‘to read’).

What do you think calculable means?

The suffix -al means “relating to.” For example, tidal means relating to the tide.

You learn a lot of historical information in your social studies class.
If something is annual it occurs over a year or takes place once a year (from Latin annus, ‘year’).

What do you think psychological means?

The suffix -en means “made or consisting of.” It creates adjectives from nouns.

A woolen sweater keeps you warm in cold weather, while a silken shirt may be more appropriate for summer.

A second function of -en is to form verbs from adjectives and nouns, such as loosen and strengthen.

-en was also once a plural suffix, like -s. As English evolved, -en was used less and less often. The only nouns that retain the -en ending in their plurals are children, oxen, and the stem-change plurals men and women.

What do you think earthen means?

The suffix -er or -or means “one who ____.” For example, a farmer is a person who farms.

A writer may write books or short stories, fiction or nonfiction.
A public speaker might also be called an orator (from Latin orare, ‘to speak’).

What do you think provider means?

The suffix -ful means "full of." Adding -ful changes the root word from a noun to an adjective. For example, painful means full of pain.

Careful people have many cares about the tasks they work on.
A thoughtful person is full of thoughts.

What do you think sorrowful means?

The suffix -ous means “full of” or “characterized by.” It changes the root word from a noun to an adjective.

Bitterness and resentment characterizes a rancorous man.
A beauteous girl is as full of beauty as a beautiful one.

What do you think dangerous means?

When used with nouns and adjectives, -y means “having the quality of”; with verbs, it means “inclined or tending to.” For example, mousy means having mouse-like qualities, and sticky means tending to stick. These meanings come from the Old English suffix -ig.

Another use of -y is to form nouns from adjectives, such as glory or jealousy. This comes from the French suffix -ie, which stems from Latin.

What do you think wobbly means?

The suffixes -ion, -tion, and -sion mean the “action, result, or state of.” For example, a persuasion is the action of persuading.

Everyone is entitled to their own opinions (from Latin opinari, ‘think or believe’).
Antibiotics fight against infection.

What do you think education means?

The suffix -ive means “tending to” or “having the nature of.” It forms adjectives from root verbs. For example, competitive means tending to compete.

A pensive person tends to think a lot (from Latin pensere, ‘to think’).
Elective classes are something you elect or choose to take.

What do you think active means?

The suffix -less means "without." For example, friendless means without friends.

A homeless person does not have a home.
Any idea that is pointless has no worth.

What do you think bottomless means?

The suffix -ment means the “result or act of.” It forms nouns from verbs. For example, excitement is the result of being excited.

Appeasement is the action of satisfying a demand.
Someone harboring resentment feels bitter about something.

A secondary use of the suffix is to form nouns from adjectives, such as merriment.

What do you think contentment means?

The suffix -ness means the “state or condition of.” It forms nouns from adjectives. For example, sadness is the state of being sad.

If you say “please” and “thank you,” your politeness will be appreciated. Rudeness, on the other hand, is never appreciated.

What do you think liveliness means?

The suffix -ward means the "direction of." For example, backward means to move back.

If you are instructed to go downward, move down.
If you want to go homeward, you want to go toward home.

What do you think skyward means?

Where do you look for the suffix of a word?
At the end
“Natural” relates to what root word?
What does the suffix -ful mean?
Full of
Which one is correct: humorous or humorful?
Which is correct: cancellment or cancellation?
If "audacious" means bold. What is audaciousness?
The condition of being bold, or simply boldness
If the Latin word lacerare means "to tear," what do you have if you have a laceration?
A rough tear or wound

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